While I’m not a professional food photographer, my photos have improved with practice (lots and lots of it). Here are the best tips and tricks I can offer about food photography and equipment.
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Tips for taking great food photos
It’s all about the light! My best tip for beginners is to become aware of the intensity of the light and how it hits the food, and learn to adjust accordingly. Here are some tips for getting started.
- Take photos under natural light. Do not use your built-in flash. Ever!
- Move around to find the best light source. Don’t feel confined to taking photos in your kitchen.
- Try taking photos from multiple angles. Some plates of food look better from above, or from the side, or at a 45-degree angle. Try moving around the plate and taking photos at various angles so you can pick your favorite later.
- Minimize clutter. If that spoon, napkin or busy background doesn’t add to the photo, it detracts from the photo. Focus on what is most important but don’t zoom in so much that viewers can’t tell what the food is.
Troubleshooting common food photography issues
Frustrated by how your food photos are turning out? Read on for potential solutions.
- Your colors aren’t true to life. When you’re editing your photos, if your plate of food looks very blue, yellow, pink or green, use your software’s white balance tools to fix it! Colors come alive when the white balance is set properly.
- Your photos are blurry. The root of the problem here is that there isn’t enough light getting to the sensor of your camera. A few potential solutions: move to an area with more light, hold your camera steadier (easier said than done) and/or increase your shutter speed (you may need to open your aperture to make up for the difference).
- Your photos just don’t “pop” like professional food photos. Experienced food photographers use lenses that allow them to narrow their depth of field to highlight the subject of the photo. Then they use photography software to tweak the contrast, levels and sharpness of their photos.
Read on for relatively inexpensive lens and software recommendations that can help you solve these problems and take amazing food photos.
Cameras for food photography
You don’t necessarily need a fancy camera to take appealing food photos. You can probably get by with a point-and-shoot camera if you know how to use it well. Consult the user manual, use the macro setting and practice!
When you are ready to have full control over your exposure and focal length, save up for a digital single-lens reflex camera (DSLR) camera. It’s an investment, truly! I use my trusty seven-year-old Nikon D80 camera. The Nikon D7000 seems to be the modern-day equivalent.
If you can’t decide between a Nikon DSLR or Canon DSLR, know that the differences between the two are pretty minimal. Comparable models will produce photos of comparable quality. Before you buy, read reviews and go to a local photography store to try them out in person. If one brand’s cameras seem more user-friendly and feel more comfortable in your hand, go for that one. Once you’ve bought your camera body, you’re ready to buy lens(es) that suit your needs and fit on your camera.
Lenses for food photography
The lens you use for food photos will have more of an impact than the dSLR itself, so you may want to buy the camera body and lens separately. I prefer to use compact fixed lenses. Fixed means that the lenses do not zoom in or out, so I have to physically move myself closer or farther away from the subject. I love fixed lenses because they are inexpensive, small and lightweight.
I’ve used two Nikon fixed lenses for food photography: my old Nikon 50mm f1.8 lens and my newer Nikon 35mm f1.8. I prefer the 35mm because it produces sharper photos and is easier to use for overhead photos of food on my table.
Keep in mind that my current camera is a cropped format camera, rather than a more expensive full format camera. That means that my 35mm lens on my cropped format effectively acts as a 50mm lens on a full format camera. Confusing, right? Unless you’ve spent thousands of dollars on a camera, your camera is probably a cropped format like mine, but you might want to check to be sure.
Other photography equipment
Reflectors and diffusers: I mostly use cheap white foam boards to bounce light back onto the plate and reduce shadows. You can also bring out more shadows by using a black foam board. I buy my foam boards at craft stores or Target. Sometimes I hang sheer white fabric over the window to soften the lighting source, too.
Quality tripod: Some photographers prefer to work with tripods, but I’d rather shoot with my camera in my hands. When light is running low, though, my Manfrotto tripod is sure handy. I own the Manfrotto 055XPROB, which has been replaced by the Manfrotto MT055XPRO3. I’ve been frustrated by super cheap tripods in the past, but this one was a solid investment. I love the horizontal arm option, which helps me capture overhead shots.
You’ll probably need to get a tripod head for your tripod, too—I opted for the Manfrotto Ball Head with Quick Release, because it was the least expensive option from Manfrotto.
Card reader: If your computer doesn’t offer a built-in card reader port (my MacBook does), I recommend buying one of these guys. You could hook up your camera directly to the computer, but that will waste your camera’s battery power.
Recommended photography software
I use Adobe Lightroom to organize and edit my digital photos. I don’t know what I would do without it! I prefer it to Photoshop because it helps me keep my files organized and easy to find, and provides exceptional control over exposure adjustments. It is also significantly less expensive than Photoshop.
Recommended photography books
Pinch of Yum Tasty Food Photography eBook: A solid eBook about food photography (with videos!) by food blogger Lindsey of Pinch of Yum. She provides technical camera setting advice, composition tips, lighting tips, props and setup details, and photo editing and workflow tips. Helpful videos included show how to edit photos in Lightroom and Photoshop. Click here to purchase and download the Pinch of Yum Tasty Food Photography eBook for $29.
Plate to Pixel: Digital Food Photography & Styling by Helene Dujardin of Tartelette: The best food photography book I’ve found so far. She covers exposure basics before diving into food photo composition, lighting and so forth.
Understanding Exposure by Brian Peterson: If you really want to understand the fundamentals of photography, I recommend this book! The principles taught in this book can be applied to all photography situations.
Where to buy food photo props
Before you go prop shopping, think about what you want your style to be so you don’t waste your money on props that aren’t “you”. If you’re not sure what your photography style is yet, look to your wardrobe, décor and Pinterest boards for clues. Are you drawn to bright and colorful patterns, or clean lines and muted tones? Shop accordingly.
You don’t need a closet full of props for interesting food photos. You probably already have items at home that will look great in photos. Get creative! Vintage handkerchiefs can make fun napkins and well-worn baking sheets can make an interesting background.
Thrift stores and my parents’ kitchen have yielded some of my favorite finds. Etsy and eBay are treasure troves for unique, handmade or vintage food photo props. My favorite shops for new props and useful cooking tools are Crate and Barrel, West Elm, CB2, Williams-Sonoma, Sur la Table, Anthropologie, Target and Amazon.
More resources for food bloggers on Cookie and Kate
- Step-by-Step Guide to Starting a Food Blog
- Essential Resources for Food Bloggers
- Food Photography Tips
- Top 20 Tips for Food Blogging
Additional food photography resources
- Principles of Photography series by White on Rice Couple
- Language of Photography Series by Gourmande in the Kitchen
- Food Photography and Styling by 6 Bittersweets
- 15 Essential Food Photography Tips from Andrew Scrivani
- Food Photography Creative Process from V.K.Rees
- Photographing Food with Penny De Los Santos by National Geographic
- Food Photography Tips by Bella Eats
- Smitten Kitchen’s Approach to Food Photos
- Food Photography Tips by Heidi Swanson
- Food photography tips from Food & Wine
- Interviews with Food Photographers at Great Food Photos
- Guide to Food Photography Gear by Lara Ferroni
- Current Food Photography Styles and Trends: A Case Study by Stephanie Shih
- $15 Food Photography Lighting Set-up by Taylor Mathis
- How to Garnish Foods on How Stuff Works
- Todd Coleman’s Food Photography Tips
- Tasty Food Photography by Pinch of Yum: ebook, comes with great videos about photo editing.
- Andrew Scrivani’s Food Photography Workshop offered by creativeLIVE. The New York Times’ food photographer teaches and demonstrates food photography in an excellent three-day video course that you can watch at your own pace. Also offered: a workshop by Penny de los Santos, who shoots for Saveur Magazine. Each workshop costs $149.
Questions? Feel free to leave them in the comments section below.